Different Types of Mental Health Disorders

Different Types of Mental Health Disorders.

According to the World Health Organization, 1 in every 8 people lives with a mental disorder.

These disorders cause significant disruptions in his or her thinking, emotional control, and behavior.

Given the prevalence of these conditions, it is important to understand the different types of mental disorders affecting people across the globe and the treatments available.

No doubt, the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated mental health issues, with many mistaking symptoms of mental disorders for the lingering effects of the virus.

The following list includes some of the most prevalent mental disorders that individuals today encounter:


Depression is one of the most common types of mental health issues affecting people.

The condition goes beyond temporary sadness or mood swings.

It is, rather, characterized by persistent sadness that lasts for at least two weeks.

During this period, individuals often lose interest in activities, experience irritability, and feel a pervasive sense of emptiness.

Some of the other symptoms of depression include difficulty concentrating, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, hopelessness about the future, suicidal thoughts, disrupted sleep patterns, changes in appetite or weight, and persistent fatigue.

Depression significantly increases the risk of suicide.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders involve intense, excessive worry and fear.

These feelings are persistent and can interfere with daily activities.

Individuals may experience the following common types of anxiety disorders:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):

Excessive worry about various aspects of life.

Panic Disorder:

Recurrent panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear.

Social Anxiety Disorder:

Extreme fear and distress in social situations.

Separation Anxiety Disorder:

Fear of losing someone to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is characterized by dramatic shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels, making daily functioning challenging.

Individuals may experience periods of elevated mood (mania or hypomania) and periods of depression.

These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, and behavior.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

A terrifying event triggers PTSD, a mental health condition.

Some of its common symptoms include reliving the event through flashbacks and nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event.

Individuals with PTSD may avoid places or situations that remind them of their trauma and become easily startled.


Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves.

Some of its symptoms include hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there), delusions (false beliefs), and disorganized thinking and behavior.

People with schizophrenia often have a reduced life expectancy of 10–20 years compared to the general population.

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are mental health conditions characterized by unhealthy eating habits.

They can begin with concerns about weight, body shape, or eating patterns, and can lead to severe health problems.

Common eating disorders include the following:

Anorexia Nervosa:

Extreme restriction of food intake leads to significantly low body weight.

Bulimia Nervosa:

Binge eating is followed by purging to prevent weight gain.

Binge Eating Disorder:

Regularly eating large quantities of food in a short period of time.


Eating non-food items.

Rumination Disorder:

Regurgitating food and re-chewing it.

Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder:

Limited food intake due to lack of interest or avoidance based on sensory characteristics.

Disruptive Behavior and Dissocial Disorders

Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) involve difficulties in regulating emotions and behaviors, often leading to aggressive conduct and impulsivity.

Individuals with DBD may pose a threat to others’ safety and violate social norms.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) affect brain function and development, leading to difficulties in social, cognitive, and emotional functioning.

These disorders can manifest as problems with learning, communication, and behavior at a young age.

Seeking Professional Help is the Key.

If you or someone you know has these disorders, don’t panic.

Effective treatments are available, including psychosocial interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and occupational and speech therapy.

At Athena Luxus, one of the top mental hospitals in Delhi, we offer expert care for mental health disorders.

Our team of the best psychiatrists will guide you through the best treatment options tailored to your needs.

We are committed to assisting you in taking back control of your life.

If you think that our experts can provide you with the right guidance, contact us today call us at +91 9718921212 or drop us an email at customercare@athenabhs.com It is our privilege to assist you and relieve your suffering.

Also Read:

How Isolation Can Trigger Addiction?
Mental Health Support: Finding the Right Facility in Delhi
Choosing a Best De Addiction Center For Addiction Recovery
Activities Recommended for Individuals with Schizophrenia

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